Data analysis in oral history: A new approach in historical research

Mohammadreza Firouzkouhi, Ali Zargham-Boroujeni



Background: Historical research has limitations in applying proper and credit-worthy chronology to clarify the data. In this methodology, the application of oral history is one of the ways in which answers to questions addressed by the research theme are elicited. Oral history, as a clear and transparent tool, needs to be applied with guidelines for qualitative researchers regarding data analysis limitations from oral evidence and face-to-face contact. Therefore, the development of a systematic method for data analysis is needed to obtain accurate answers, based on which a credit-worthy narration can be produced. The aim of this study was to introduce an ethical and objective approach for the analysis of data obtained from oral history.

Materials and Methods: This is a methodological article that suggests an analysis method based on qualitative approach and experiences of the authors.

Results: A systematic method of data analysis for oral history research, based on common qualitative data analysis methods, has been suggested as the result of this article.

Conclusions: This new technique is equipped with measures that would assist qualitative researchers in the nursing field and other disciplines regarding analysis of qualitative data resulting from oral history studies.

Key words: Data analysis, Iran, nursing, oral history, qualitative research

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