Requirements for nurse supervisor training: A qualitative content analysis

Khadijeh Dehghani, Khadijeh Nasiriani, Tahere Salimi


Background: Supervisors should have certain characteristics and adequate preparation for their roles. Yet, there are no well‑educated experts knowing about the supervisor’s role and responsibilities and how to train them. So, this research was conducted with the purpose of finding the factors affecting nursing supervisor training.

Materials and Methods: This research is an inductive content analysis. Participants were 25 in number, consisting of nurses and supervisors in Shahid Sadoughi University hospitals. The participants were chosen by a purposive sampling method. Data collection was done by semi‑structured interviews and reviewing documents. Data were analyzed using conventional content analysis.

Results: Findings included two main themes: Firstly, establishment of a supervisory infrastructure that includes “making the appointments and retention of supervisors, clarifying the duties and authority of supervisor, developing supervisory culture, specializing supervision, and conducting practice‑based training” and secondly, comprehensive supervisory competencies that include “acquiring scientific, managing, communicative, professional, ethical, pedagogical, and supporting adequacy.”

Conclusions: Clinical supervisor has a major role in ensuring the quality of nursing care. This leads to improvements in patient care and nurses’ personal and professional development. So, it is necessary that for effective supervision in nursing, first an infrastructure is provided for supervision and then the comprehensive competency of a supervisor is enhanced to apply effective supervision.



Clinical supervisor; education; inductive content analysis; qualitative research; supervisory nursing; training

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