The aim of this study was to compare the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) knowledge of hospital nurses and emergency medical personnel in Kermanshah, Iran.

Reza Pourmirza Kalhori, Amir Jalali, Afshin Almasi, Mohammad Khavasi, Masoud Rezaei, Mohammad Abbasi


Background: The aim of this study was to compare the cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) knowledge of hospital nurses and emergency medical personnel in Kermanshah, Iran.

 Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross‑sectional study was conducted on 330 hospital nurses and 159 emergency medical personnel working in educational hospitals and emergency medical
centers in Kermanshah. Data were collected using a validated and reliable (r = 0.74) researcher‑made questionnaire consisting of a demographic characteristics questionnaire and the 2010 CPR knowledge questionnaire.

 Results: Based on the most recent CPR guidelines, the knowledge of 19.5%, 78.6%, and 1.9% of the emergency medical staff was excellent, good, and moderate, respectively. None of the participants had poor knowledge. In addition, the knowledge of 20.2%, 65.4%, 14%, and 0.4% of the nurses in this study was excellent, good, moderate, and poor, respectively. There was no significant difference in CPR knowledge between hospital nurses and emergency medical staff. Moreover, no significant association was found between CPR knowledge and gender, age, work experience, field of study, previous occupation, and advanced resuscitation courses. However, CPR knowledge of individuals with training in basic CPR courses was higher than participants without training in these courses (P < 0.05).

Conclusions: Based on the findings of this study, CPR knowledge among Iranian nurses and emergency medical personnel
was in an acceptable range. Nevertheless, it is strongly recommended that nurses and emergency staff receive training according to the most recent CPR guidelines.


Cardiopulmonary resuscitation; emergency medical technicians; Iran; knowledge; nurses

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