The Relationship of Social Problem‑Solving Skills and Dysfunctional Attitudes with Risk of Drug Abuse among Dormitory Students at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences

Ehteram Nasrazadani, Jahangir Maghsoudi, Tayebeh Mahrabi


Background: Dormitory students encounter multiple social factors which cause pressure, such as new social relationships, fear of the future, and separation from family, which could cause serious problems such as tendency toward drug abuse. This research was conducted with the goal to determine social problem‑solving skills, dysfunctional attitudes, and risk of drug abuse among
dormitory students of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive‑analytical, correlational, and cross‑sectional research. The research sample consisted of 211 students living in dormitories. The participants were selected using randomized quota sampling method. The data collection tools included the Social Problem‑Solving Inventory (SPSI), Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (DAS), and Identifying People at Risk of Addiction Questionnaire.

 Results: The results indicated an inverse relationship between social problem‑solving skills and risk of drug abuse (P = 0.0002), a direct relationship between dysfunctional attitude and risk of drug abuse (P = 0.030), and an inverse relationship between social problem‑solving skills and dysfunctional attitude among students (P = 0.0004).

Conclusions: Social problem‑solving skills have a correlation with dysfunctional attitudes. As a result, teaching these skills and the way to create efficient attitudes should be considered in dormitory students.


Attitude; drug abuse; Iran; social problem‑solving; student

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