The Process of Transition to Hemodialysis: A Grounded Theory Research

Parkhideh Hassani, Masoumeh Otaghi, Mansoureh Zagheri‑Tafreshi, Alireza Nikbakht‑ Nasrabadi


Background: Transition is a passage or movement from one state, condition, or place to another. Patients with chronic disorders such as end‑stage renal disease experience transitions. This study aims to explore the process of transition to hemodialysis. Materials and Methods: This is a qualitative grounded theory of a doctoral dissertation. Twenty‑four participants (19 patients on hemodialysis, 2 family members, 2 nurses, and a physician) were selected through purposive and theoretical sampling
until data saturation. Data collection was conducted through semi‑structured interviews, as well as field notes and memos. Data analysis was done concurrently with data collection in three levels of open, axial, and selective coding according to the Strauss and Corbin (1998) method. Core variable was appeared at the end of selecting coding stage. Results: Confronting unexpected situation of hemodialysis, challenge of accepting hemodialysis, comprehensive and pervasive changes, efforts made to self‑management, and integration of hemodialysis with everyday life were considered to be the main themes of the process of transition to hemodialysis. Conclusions: The results would increase evidence‑based knowledge regarding the process of transition to hemodialysis. Through identification of this process, effective factors such as determining strategies for management would lead to facilitate more specialized care of people undergoing hemodialysis, appropriate nursing interventions and more effective training programs to prepare patients and their families during the process of transition to hemodialysis. These results can be used for conducting and preparing other qualitative and quantitative studies.


Grounded theory; hemodialysis; Iran; nursing

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