The Effect of Emotional Intelligence Training on Self‑efficacy in Women with Multiple Sclerosis

Zahra Mehrabi, Fatemeh Nazari, Tayebe Mehrabi, Vahid Shaygannejad


Background: Multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic disease of the central nervous system (CNS), causing progressive nerve damage, has disabling symptoms, and undermines self‑efficacy beliefs. Due to the importance of self‑efficacy modified in adaptation and coping with stress, this study was conducted with the aim to investigate the effect of emotional intelligence training on self‑efficacy in women with MS.

Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on 70 women referring to the Multiple Sclerosis Clinic of Kashani Hospital, Isfahan, Iran. The participants were randomly assigned to two groups through minimization method. In the experimental group, emotional intelligence training was performed within 8 weeks, once a week for 90 minutes, in groups of 8–9 individuals. Data were collected using the Multiple Sclerosis Self‑efficacy Scale (MSSS) before, immediately after, and 3 months after the intervention in both groups. Data were analyzed using independent t‑test and repeated measures ANOVA in SPSS. Results: The results of independent t‑test showed no significant difference between the groups in terms of mean self‑efficacy scores before the intervention (p > 0.05). However, there was a significant difference between the groups in this regard immediately after and 3 months after the intervention (p < 0.05). Repeated measures ANOVA showed a significant difference in the mean score of self‑efficacy and its components between the groups at different times (p < 0.05).

 Conclusions: It seems that emotional intelligence training is effective on the improvement of self‑efficacy of women with MS. Hence, this method can be recommended as an effective and affordable technique


Emotional intelligence; multiple sclerosis; self efficacy; women

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