The Relationship between Family Functioning and Academic Achievement in Female High School Students of Isfahan, Iran, in 2013–2014

Abdollah Rezaei‑Dehaghani, Mahrokh Keshvari, Somayeh Paki


Background: Nowadays, the most important problem of the educational system is the vast spread of school failure. Therefore, detection of the factors leading to or preventing students’ academic achievement is of utmost importance. Family function is considered to be a critical component of academic success. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between family functioning and academic achievement in high school female students in Isfahan.

Materials and Methods: This descriptive correlational study was conducted through random sampling among 237 female high school students in Isfahan during school year 2013‑2014. Data were collected by participants’ personal characteristics and Bloom family function questionnaires. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (Pearson correlation and linear regression analysis) were adopted and computed using SPSS software.

Results: The results showed a significant correlation between family function (except lack of independence) and students’ academic achievement (p < 0.05). Further, among family function dimensions, expressiveness (b = 0.235,p < 0.001), family socialization (b = 0.219, p = 0.001), and cohesion (b = 0.211, p = 0.001) were more  reliable predictors of academic achievement.

Conclusions: The results of this study showed that students’ academic achievement is highly correlated with the performance of their families. Therefore, to improve students’ educational status in cultural and educational programs, which are specified for them, family function centered plans should be at the heart of attention.


Adolescents, educational status, family, Iran, nurses References

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