Effect of Training on Knowledge, Perception and Risk Reduction Regarding Infection Control among Nurses in Selected Teaching Hospitals in Nigeria

Adekunbi Abosede Farotimi, Ezekiel Olasunkanmi Ajao, Chinomso Ugochukwu Nwozich, Iyabo Yewande demuyiwa


Background: Healthcare workers, especially nurses, are at a high risk of infection. By complying with infection control measures, a lot of infections can be prevented. This study examined the effects of a training program on knowledge, perception, and risk reduction regarding infection control among nurses.

Materials and Methods: This study adopted a pretest–posttest quasi‑experimental design. The samples consisted of 87 participants comprising 42 nurses in the experimental group and 45 nurses in the control group. The instruments used for data collection were a questionnaire on knowledge about infection control and a questionnaire on perception about infection control.

Results: Findings showed that the mean (SD) age in the experimental group was 34.92 (8.99) whereas that of the control group was 47.43 (6.60). The mean (SD) years of experience in the experimental group was 10.42 (9.95) years whereas in the control group it was 21.89 (8.72) years. Findings further revealed that 26 participants (62.90%) in the postintervention group had high knowledge level compared to the preintervention where none had high knowledge. A significant difference was observed between the mean perception score on infection control in the experimental and control groups (t = 17.12; p = 0.001).

Conclusions: This study has shown that a training program is very effective and that all nurses should be exposed to infection control training to equip them with the necessary knowledge and skills with which to fight against the spread of infection in the healthcare setting.


Health education, infection control, Nigeria, nursing, risk reduction behavior

Full Text:



World Health Organization (W.H.O.) (2016). Infection prevention and control in health care (for preparedness and response to outbreaks). Retrieved from: www.who.int/csr//infection on. [Last accessed on 2017 Jan 07].

Sodhi K, Shrivastava A, Arya M, Kumar M. Knowledge of infection control practices among intensive care nurses in a tertiary care hospital. J Infect Public Health 2013;6:269‑75.

Abdulraheem IS, Amodu MO, Saka MJ, Bolarinwa OA, Uthman MMB. Knowledge, awareness and compliance with standard precautions among health workers in North Eastern Nigeria. Community Med Health Educ 2012;2,131.

Amoran OE, Onwube OO. Infection control and practice of standard precautions among healthcare workers in Northern Nigeria. J Glob Infect Dis 2013;5:156‑65.

Adly RM, Amin FM, Abd El Aziz MA. Improving nurses’ compliance with standard precautions of infection control in Paediatric Critical Care Units. World J Nurs Sci 2014;35:1‑9.

Parmeggian C, Abbate R, Marinelli P, Angelillo IF. Healthcare workers and health care‑associated infections: Knowledge attitudes and behaviour in emergency departments in Italy. BMC Infect Dis 2010;10:35.

Iliyasu G, Dayyab FM, Habib ZG, Tiamiyu AB, Abubakar S, Mijinyawa MS, et al. Knowledge and Practices of infection control among healthcare workers in a Tertiary Referral center in North‑Western Nigeria. Ann Afr. Med. (2016) 15:34‑40. Available from: http://www.annalsfrmed.org/text. asp?2016/15/1/34/161724. [Last accessed on 2017 Mar 17].

Green LM, Kreuter MW, Deeds KS, Partridge K. Health Education Planning: A Diagnostic Approach. Palo Alto, CA: Mayfield; 1980.

Polit DF, Beck CT. Essentials of nursing research; Appraising Evidence for Nursing compliance with standard precautions. Am J Infect Control 2014;44:4‑7.

Burute SR, Murthy MB, Ramanand SJ, Pore SM, Karande VB, Akat PB. Immediate impact of an educational intervention on knowledge of use of disinfectants in nurses. Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol 2014;3:507‑11.

Taha ANF. Impact of universal precautions training programme on nurse midwives performance during labor in Khartoum state–Sudan 2006–2009. J US China Med Sci 2014;11:94‑107.

Ng YY, Abdel‑Latif Mel‑A, Gan CS, Siham A, Zainol H, Lum LC. Impact of infection control training for interns on PICU‑acquired bloodstream infections in a middle‑income country. Singapore Med J 2015;56:506‑12.

Lee RL, Leung C, Tong WK, Chen H, Lee PH. Comparative efficacy of a simplified handwashing program for improvement in hand hygiene and reduction of school absenteeism among children with intellectual disability. Am J Infect Control 2015;43:907‑12.

Allegranzi B, Sax H, Bengal L, Richet H, Minta DK, Chraiti MN. Successful implementation of the World Health Organisation hand hygiene improvement strategy in a referral hospital in Mali. Control Hospital Epidemiol 2015;31:133‑41.

Nwozichi CU, Ojewole FO, Farotimi AA, Ojediran TD. Effect of self‑instructional module on knowledge about Ebola virus disease among Nigerian University students in Bengaluru, India J Edu Health Promot 2016;5:1‑5.

Galal YS, Labib JR, Abouelhamd WA. Impact of an infection‑control program on nurses’ knowledge and attitude in pediatric intensive care units at Cairo University hospitals. J Egypt Public Health Assoc 2014;89:22‑8.

Nwozichi CU. Effect of video‑based teaching module on knowledge about testicular cancer and testicular self‑examination among male undergraduate students. Arch Med Health Sci 2015;3:215‑26.


  • There are currently no refbacks.