Effect of Resilience‑based Group Therapy Intervention on Coping in Mothers of Children with Cancer: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Fatemeh Hoseinzadeh, Moloud Radfar, Fatemeh Moghaddamtabrizi, Hamidreza Khalkhali


Background: Cancer is the second most common cause of mortality after cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Resilience is one of the best strategies for coping with diseases in patients with cancer. This study was aimed to determine the effect of resilience‑based group therapy intervention on coping in mothers of children with cancer.

Materials and Methods: This randomized clinical trial was carried out on 48 mothers of children with cancer in Shahid Motahhari Hospital of Urmia, Iran, in 2017. Samples were randomly divided into two groups in Excel. The data were collected using a demographic questionnaire, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ‑28), and the Coping Health Inventory for Parents (CHIP). Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to compare the two groups at three different times. All p values of less than 0.05 were considered significant.

Results: A significant difference was observed in the mean scores of integration between the intervention group and control group (F 1, 47 = 426.41, p < 0.001); the mean (standard deviation) of the integration score in the intervention and control groups was 40.80 (2.54) and 18.04 (3.05), respectively. Moreover, there was significant difference between the two groups in terms of the mean scores of social support and health status perception (F 1, 47 = 176.59, p < 0.001). The mean (standard deviation) of social support and health status perception scores in the intervention group was 39.88 (2.81) and 22.72 (5.91) and in the control group was 16.87 (4.19) and 10.95 (2.01), respectively.

Conclusions: Resilience‑based group therapy intervention can be an effective strategy for coping with childhood cancer among mothers of children with cancer.


Adaptation, child, neoplasms, psychological, resilience, therapy

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