Midwives’ Educational Needs in Iran: A Narrative Review

Mahboubeh Hajifoghaha, Fatemeh Nahidi, Shiva Alizadeh, Samira Golezar, Fatemeh Dabiri, Seyedeh-Samira Mokhlesi, Amirhossein Babaei


Background: Midwives have a major role in the improvement of health indicators in every country. In order for midwives to be able to play their role well, they must have sufficient updated knowledge. For this purpose, it is necessary to review their educational needs. The aim  of the present research was to review Iranian studies that have investigated midwives’ educational needs.

Materials and Methods: In this narrative review, PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, Google Scholar, ProQuest, Ovid, SID, and Magiran databases were searched for the full texts of Iranian studies published in Persian and English languages in the period of 2000–2018. Review, descriptive, and interventional articles consistent with the research aim were included in this study.

Results: Of the 53 found articles, 23 articles that were relevant to midwives’ educational needs in Iran were investigated. The findings of the studies showed that the educational needs of the midwives can be categorized into the four groups of knowledge and performance, communication skills, occupational rules/regulations, and religious rules.

Conclusions: The results showed that midwives in Iran have different educational needs. Because the midwifery practice leads to the promotion of public health, it is imperative that midwives have comprehensive knowledge and the skills necessary for providing optimal care. In order to achieve this, short‑term and long‑term training programs tailored to the needs of midwives are recommended.



Education, Iran, midwife, narrative review, needs assessment

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