Consequences of Presence of Forensic Nurses in Health Care System: A Qualitative Study

Fatemeh Ghofrani Kelishami, Houman Manoochehri, Jamileh Mohtashami, Mehrzad Kiani


Background: Nursing is a vital element in providing safe and effective care. Forensic nursing is one of the specialties in this discipline which, in addition to creating more satisfaction in nurses, is consideredessential in holistic, quality, and safe care. This study aimed to describe the consequences of the presenceof forensic nurses in the health system.

Materials and Methods: This qualitative study was conductedbetween 2017 and 2018 in Iran. Semi‑structured interviews were performed with 18 participant experts in the field of health and law. The interviews were analyzed using the inductive content analysis approachproposed by Graneheim and Lundman.

Results: The consequences of the presence of nurses in the health system were summarized into two categories: positive and negative consequences. The positiveconsequences consisted of improved performance, better legality of nurses, the calmness of nurses,prevention of patients’ rights violations, advancement comparable with developed countries, reducedcosts, increased accuracy and speed in dealing with forensic cases, improved performance of Iranian Legal Medicine Organization and increased employment. On the other hand, the negative consequences were role conflict with other involved professionals and nursing shortage. Participants included nurses (with different specialties), nurse lawyers, forensic medicines, forensic midwives, a judge, and a medical lawyer.

Conclusions: If planners and policymakers have a positive attitude toward the presence of forensic nurses,we can anticipate better forensic services for clients through the development of systematic educationalprograms, the formation of forensic teams, and the expertise of this profession can provide many benefits.



Forensic nursing, Iran, qualitative research

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