Knowledge and Practices of Intensive Care Unit Nurses Related to Prevention of Ventilator Associated Pneumonia in Selected Intensive Care Units of a Tertiary Care Centre, India

Geetanjli Kalyan, Ravina Bibi, Ravinder Kaur, Reena Bhatti, Reeta Kumari, Romina Rana, Rupa Kumari, Manpreet Kaur, Rupinder Kaur


Background: Ventilator‑Associated Pneumonia (VAP) is a recognized nosocomial infection and a leading cause of high morbidity and mortality. Intensive Care Unit (ICU) nurses are in the best position to put the known evidence‑based strategies into practice to prevent VAP. The aim of the present study is to assess the knowledge and practices of ICU nurses related to prevention of VAP in selected ICUs of a tertiary care centre in India (2013–2014) and to find out the association between knowledge and practices.

Materials and Methods: A descriptive survey was conducted in the different ICUs of a tertiary care hospital in India. Purposive sampling technique was used and 108 ICU staff nurses were enrolled during the period of data collection. The tool used for data collection was a self‑developed valid and reliable knowledge‑based questionnaire and an observational checklist. The descriptive (frequency and percentages) and inferential (Chi‑square test) statistics was used.

Results Out of the 108 nurses enrolled in the study, 82 (75.93%) had average, 24 (22.22%) had good and only 2 (1.85%) of the ICU nurses had poor knowledge. Assessment of the practices revealed that 68 (94.44%) nurses had average and only 4 (5.55%) nurses had good practice. There was no association between the knowledge and practices of ICU nurses related to prevention of VAP. (χ2 = 0.14, p = 0.710).

Conclusions: Although the nurses were having good to average knowledge scores, their practices were not associated with knowledge scores. There is a need to find out the ways that would help the nurses to adhere to good practices.


Cross infection, health knowledge, lung diseases, pneumonia ventilator associated, respiratory tract infections

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