Adjustment to a New Heart: Concept Analysis Using a Hybrid Model

Parvaneh Asgari, Alun C Jackson, Fatemeh Bahramnezhad


Background: Although the phenomenon of adjustment to a new heart in transplant recipients is very complex, very few studies have been conducted on this important issue. Therefore, no careful and clear definition exists for this concept.

Materials and Methods: This concept analysis was conducted in Iran in 2018 on 13 patients undergoing heart transplantation. In the theoretical phase, a conceptual framework was created according to the existing data in the literature about the phenomenon. In this study, 13 participants were selected using purposive sampling with maximum diversity.‎ In the fieldwork phase, 20 deep and semistructured interviews were conducted with patients undergoing heart transplantation over 4 months. After data saturation, interviews were analyzed using the qualitative content analysis method proposed by Granheim and Lundman (2009). At the final analytical phase, the results of the two previous phases were integrated using a hybrid model.

Results: Adjustment to a new heart is a unique multiphase process in patients undergoing heart transplantation. The antecedents include the transplantation time, physical conditions, social and family support, relationship with congeners, and spiritual beliefs. The desirable consequences of adjustment to a new heart may include a new life, inner peace, and spiritual excellence, and the undesirable consequences may include psychological abuse and emotional stagnation.

Conclusions: According to the results, the health‑care team should consider the patient as a unique client and initiate discussions before and following heart transplantation that address patients’ adjustment to a new heart in all their physical, sexual, and emotional aspects.


Adjustment, concept formation, heart transplantation, Iran

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