Association between Socioeconomic Status and the Utilization of Maternal Health Services in Nigeria

Bukola T. Maitanmi1, Abiodun A. Adelaja, Damilola R. Okunola, Julius O. Maitanmi, Yetunde O. Tola, Oluwadamilare Akingbade



Background: Maternal health is the mother’s state of well‑being before, during, and after conception. Studies have suggested that the increasing maternal mortality rate is preventable provided maternal health services are accessible during pregnancy. This study explored the association between socioeconomic status and the utilization of maternal health services in the Federal Medical Centre (FMC), Abeokuta, Ogun State.

Materials and Methods: This study is a cross‑sectional survey. One hundred and eighty‑eight pregnant women from the antenatal unit of a tertiary hospital in Southwestern Nigeria were selected using a convenience sampling technique. Data were collected via a pretested, self‑designed questionnaire. The descriptive statistics were used to analyze the resulting data, and the hypotheses were tested using the Pearson product‑moment correlation at 0.05 level of significance.

Result: From the study, 72 (38.30%) and 58 (30.90%) agreed that their income and occupation influence their maternal health services utilization. Significant relationship (p < 0.05) existed between maternal health service utilization and age and between socioeconomic factors (occupation and income level) and utilization of maternal health services of pregnant women.

Conclusions: Overall, this study revealed that the level of utilization of maternal health services among expectant women attending FMC is moderate. As this study has shown that socioeconomic factors influence the utilization of maternal health services, we recommend that interventions by health workers targeted at improving the utilization of maternal health services should consider these factors when designing such interventions. It is hoped that this will contribute to reducing maternal mortality and morbidity in this state.


Occupation, Pregnant women, Socioeconomic factors

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