Assessment of Cognitive Impairment and Related Factors Among Elderly People in Jordan

Abdullah Alkhawaldeh, Mahmoud Alsaraireh, Mohammed ALBashtawy, Ahmad Rayan, Moawiah Khatatbeh, Mohammad Alshloul, Ma’en Aljezawi, Sa’d ALBashtawy, Ahmad Musa, Asem Abdalrahim, Omar Khraisat, Ahmad AL Bashaireh, Zaid AL Bashtawy, Nisser Alhroub


Background: With an increase in elderly people, it is essential to address the issue of cognitive impairment and support healthy aging. This study aimed to assess cognitive impairment and factors associated with it among older adults.

Materials and Methods: A cross‑sectional study was carried out in different catchment areas within the Jerash governorate in the north of Jordan. The Elderly Cognitive Assessment Questionnaire (ECAQ) and a household face‑to‑face interview were used to collect data from 220 older adult participants aged 60 years and more. Descriptive statistics were conducted to describe the study variables. Correlation tests were applied to find associations between them. Logistic regression analysis was applied, with a minimum significance level (p < 0.05).

Results: About 9.10% of the older adults had cognitive impairment. Cognitive impairment was correlated with age, self‑perceived health, hypertension, stroke, and mental illness. The primary predictors of cognitive impairment were age [odds ratio (OR) =1.07 (1.01–1.14), p = 0.001] and stroke [OR = 10.92 (1.44–82.85), p = 0.001].

Conclusions: While many factors were correlated with cognitive impairment, the strongest predictors of cognitive impairment were age and stroke.


Aged, cognition disorders, cross‑sectional studies

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