The effect of exercise on affective responses in female adolescents with type 1 diabetes

Sedigheh Talakoub, Sakineh Ghorbani, Marzieh Hasanpour, Vahid Zolaktaf, Masoud Amini


Adolescent is a time of profound biologic, intellectual, psychological, ‎and socioeconomic change that he will face a crisis. So compatibility may be ‎exposed to many hazards, such as depression, anxiety and other emotional ‎problems. But a planned regular exercise enhances physical and mental health ‎of adolescent female with diabetes.


The aim of this study was to determine the effect of exercise on emotional ‎reactions of female adolescents with Type I diabetes.‎


This study was a quasi-experimental research conducted in Endocrine and ‎Metabolism Research center. A total of 72 patients who were randomly allocated ‎in two groups. The intervention group did aerobic exercise for 45 minutes. ‎Whereas control group did not aerobic exercise. Data were collected using a ‎SCL-90 questionnaire.‎

Data were analyzed and using descriptive and inferential statistics methods and ‎SPSS software. ‎

The result showed the mean score for physical symptoms, depression, ‎obsession-compulsion, interpersonal sensitivity, aggression, phobia, paranoid ‎ideation, psychosis and anxiety in the experimental group after intervention than ‎before intervention significantly reduced. The average score in the control group ‎did not differ. The average total score of emotional reactions in the test group ‎after the intervention than before intervention significantly decreased (p = 0 / ‎‎001). But in control groups, the mean scores did not differ (p = 0 / 97).‎

The findings showed that having regular exercise is effective on emotional ‎reactions of adolescent females with type 1 diabetes.‎


Key-words: Aerobic exercise- affective symptoms- female adolescents - ‎type 1 diabetes mellitus.‎

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