Sleep quality among residents of an old folk’s home in Malaysia

Abdul Rashid, Eng K. Ong, Eleanor S. Y. Wong


BACKGROUND: Sleep is an essential part of life. Lack of sleep has been linked with increased morbidity and mortality. The objective of this study was to determine the sleep quality of older adults residing in a private elderly care institution in Malaysia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted among consenting residents of a 200-bed non-governmental charity old folks home in Penang, Malaysia. The sleep quality of the respondents was measured using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF), their attitude to ageing (AAQ), Barthel index (Activities of Daily Living) and body mass index were also measured. Data was analysed using PASW. RESULTS: The PSQI score ranged from 0 to 16 with a mean score of 7.1 (SD 3.4) and 76.8% (116) had scores ³ 5. The differences in the mean score for chronic illness (t = 0.14 / P = 0.04), the people that could be counted on for help (t = 4.09 / P = 0.02) and the feasibility of getting practical help from fellow residents (t = 4.41 / P = 0.01) were statistically significant. There was a negative correlation between the PSQI score and the WHOQOL-BREF score (-0.318 / 0.00) and AAQ score (-0.332 / 0.00). CONCLUSIONS: Staff working in an elderly care institution should understand the important relationship of illnesses, social support and sleep hygiene in the wellbeing of the residents.


Key Words: Aged, Home for the aged, Malaysia, Sleep

Full Text:



  • There are currently no refbacks.