Semantic divergence in clinical education: Student-centered or student democracy

Seyyed Mohammad Khademolhosseini, Zohreh Vanaki, Robabeh Memarian, Abass Ebadi


Aims: Although several studies have confirmed the validity and the strength of the student-centered approach and most training centeres have put it as the heading of their agenda, there are still problems in the method of implementation, increasing the need for further research to review the mode of implementation. In this regard, the present study has been conducted to investigate students’ and educators’ perception in terms of interaction manner in clinical education process.

Settings and Design: This study was performed in a qualitative approach and by the conventional content analysis method.

Materials and Methods: Data were collected until saturation through use of individual semi-structured interviews. Twenty-one subjects including undergraduate nursing students (8 cases), faculty member educators (9 cases), head nurses (3 cases), and educational supervisor (1 case) participated in the study, and the data were analyzed using MAXQDA3 software.

Results: “Student democracy” was extracted through data analysis as the main theme of the study. Participants’ experience in terms of the five sub-themes included instructor’s loss of dignity, negligence in the evaluation of the students, poor discipline, lack of compliance with the educator, and lack of motivation.

Conclusions: Instructor’s weaknesses in planning, guiding, and evaluating the students led to student's interference in these affairs and a challenge in effective student-centered approach. Although excessive emphasis on students’ opinion for educational evaluation is apparently a sign of tribute to the students, it ultimately contributes to ignoring the process of learning to attract students' interest, occupational devaluation, ​​and a decrease in students’ motivation.


Key words: Clinical education, Iran, motivation, nursing, perception, student-centered

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