A comparative study of the effects of problem-solving skills training and relaxation on the score of self-esteem in women with postpartum depression

Saeideh Nasiri, Masoumeh Kordi, Morteza Modares Gharavi



Background: Self-esteem is a determinant factor of mental health. Individuals with low self-esteem have depression, and low self-esteem is one of main symptoms of depression. Aim of this study is to compare the effects of problem-solving skills and relaxation on the score of self-esteem in women with postpartum depression.

Materials and Methods: This clinical trial was performed on 80 women. Sampling was done in Mashhad healthy centers from December 2009 to June 2010. Women were randomly divided and assigned to problem-solving skills (n = 26), relaxation (n = 26), and control groups (n = 28). Interventions were implemented for 6 weeks and the subjects again completed Eysenck self-esteem scale 9 weeks after delivery. Data analysis was done by descriptive statistics, Kruskal–Wallis test, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) test by SPSS software.

Results: The fi ndings showed that the mean of self-esteem scale scores was 117.9 ± 9.7 after intervention in the problem-solving group, 117.0 ± 11.8 in the relaxation group, and 113.5 ± 10.4 in the control group and there was signifi cant difference between the groups of relaxation and problem solving, and also between intervention groups and control group.

Conclusions: According to the results, problem-solving skills and relaxation can be used to prevent and recover from postpartum depression.

Key words: Postpartum depression, problem-solving skills training, relaxation, self-esteem

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